Abstract: From the latter half of 2015 to early 2016, consecutive protests of the oppositions broke out in the Eastern European country Moldova. In the middle of January 2016, the protests reached the climax and triggered off social turmoil to some extent and also aroused attention and concern of the international society. There were economic reasons accounting for Moldova's political unrest: the shattering of "European dream" by entry into EU and integration into Europe had brought about fiscal difficulties and the discontent of the general public; and also internal political contradictions of social differentiation: the conflicts of "Romanianization" and different choice of pro-West or pro-Russia national development path were embodied centrally in government premier candidates. Meanwhile, the interference from US and western EU countries also aggregated its internal contradictions and made these contradictions complicated. The general public protests of Moldova, one of the former Soviet Union republics, bore resemblances to the early stage of "Ukraine crisis" in the aspects of organization mode, political appeal, and social background, but there were differences of principle. As far as the present situation is concerned, Moldova turmoil will not evolve into a large-scale crisis and Moldova will not become the "second Ukraine".
Keywords: Moldova; Russia; Ukraine