Abstract: Since 1948, Eastern European countries started to proceed with agricultural collectivization successively. Agricultural collectivization is an important constituent part for Eastern European countries' socialist construction. At the meantime of industry nationalization, socialist reform was carried out in rural areas to guide farmers to take socialist construction road by agricultural cooperation. Under the dominance of public ownership thinking, the issue of agricultural collectivization was to change "property ownership" and transfer the property ownership from individual farmers to cooperatives. In itself, it was a profound social reform to implement the transfer of property ownership in a country where individual farmers were dominant. Eastern European countries' agricultural collectivization was a profound social reform and it had a far-reaching influence on Eastern Europe's social stability.
Keywords:Eastern Europe's agricultural collectivization; social reform; social stability